ARTICLE VIII. On the Conduct of an Officer in an Affair of Consequence

An officer who is commanded with a body of men to cover an army or regiment whilst they are deploying, (any are often employed on this service,) should have his eye as well towards the enemy as towards the army which he is designed to cover. He must send out flankers towards the enemy, who, by keeping up a constant firing, will endeavor to disperse them: in this interval he is to pay attention to the movements in his rear, so that he may be always near his own party, and be able to take up the same position that is adopted by the larger body. As soon as he hears a retreat or march sounded, he should collect his people as expeditiously as possible, and fall into the interval allotted for him. If he be to cover another body of cavalry besides his own, and to which he does not belong, he must betake himself to the nearest wing, join in the attack, and cover the flank, if the enemy wish to make an impression there. If he succeed in breaking the enemy, he must endeavor, if possible, to put them entirely to the route. As soon as the enemy attempt to rally, he must strenuously exert himself to prevent them, taking care that he is properly supported, and not run the risk, by advancing too far, of being surrounded.